The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Indexed in /covered by CAS, KoreaScience & DOI/Crossref:eISSN 2287-156X   pISSN 1229-0475

The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Indexed in /covered by CAS, KoreaScience & DOI/Crossref:eISSN 2287-156X pISSN 1229-0475

Table. 2.

Table. 2.

Comparison of pre and post-intervention in the NMES and Sham-NMES.

NMES Sham-NMES


pre post t p pre post t p
Strength (E/I%) 53.44± 13.04 97.98± 16.38 6.001 < 0.001 60.92± 15.22 86.94± 9.64 5.599 < 0.001
BESS (score)
Firm 4.73± 2.28 1.36± 1.29 6.847 < 0.001 4.73± 1.85 2.82± 1.54 6.062 < 0.001
Foam 7.82± 1.17 2.64± 0.81 10.734 < 0.001 6.27± 3.26 4.82± 0.98 1.412 0.188
Total 12.55± 2.38 4.00± 1.55 15.667 < 0.001 11.00± 4.58 7.64± 2.5 2.820 0.018*

NMES: Neuromuscular electrical stimulation with heel raise exercise, E/I: Ratio of evertor strength per inverter strength, BESS: Balance error scoring system, Firm: Firm surface, Foam: Foam surface.

*p<0.05, p<0.001.

J Kor Phys Ther 2021;33:28-33 https://doi.org/10.18857/jkpt.2021.33.1.28
© 2021 J Kor Phys Ther