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Effects of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation and Treadmill Training on the Balance and Walking Ability of Stroke Patients
J Kor Phys Ther 2018;30(3):79-83
Published online June 30, 2018;
© 2018 The Korea Society of Physical Therapy.

Chang-Heon Kim1, Yong-Nam Kim2

1Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School, Nambu University, Gwangju; 2Department of Physical Therapy, Nambu University, Gwangju, Korea
Yong-Nam Kim E-mail
Received May 8, 2018; Revised June 8, 2018; Accepted June 30, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distribute under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution,and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of combined training using proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) patterns and treadmills on the balance and walking ability of stroke patients.
Methods: Twenty-three stroke patients were randomized into a control group (n=11), receiving only treadmill training and an experimental group (n=12) receiving combined training. The use of both PNF exercise and treadmill were implemented in the combined training. Interventions were performed 5 times a week for 6 weeks. Balance ability was measured by a timed up and go (TUG) test. Walking ability was measured by a 10-meter walk test (10MWT) and a 6-minute walk test (6MWT). A paired t-test was used to compare differences between pre- and post-intervention and independent t-tests were used to compare between groups.
Results: Changes in TUG, 10MWT, and 6MWT before and after interventions were significantly different for both the experimental group and the control group (p<0.05). In addition, within-group changes in the TUG, 10MWT, and 6MWT were more effective in the experimental group than in the control group (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Combined training using PNF techniques and treadmills may be useful in improving the balance and walking ability of stroke patients.
Keywords : Balance ability, PNF, Stroke, Walking ability

June 2018, 30 (3)
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