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The Effects of Therapeutic Climbing on Shoulder Muscle Activity according to the Inclination of the Climbing Wall
J Kor Phys Ther 2018;30(3):84-89
Published online June 30, 2018;  https://doi.org/10.18857/jkpt.2018.30.3.84
© 2018 The Korea Society of Physical Therapy.

Eun-Jeong Kim, Se-Hun Kim

Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Science, Dongshin University, Naju, Korea
Se-Hun Kim E-mail ptsehun@gmail.com
Received May 8, 2018; Revised June 12, 2018; Accepted June 19, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distribute under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/license/by-nc/4.0.) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution,and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Purpose: Therapeutic climbing has become very popular today, with it being reported as a new method for preventing and treating orthopedic trauma to the shoulder joint. However, objective studies on its effects on the musculoskeletal system are still lacking. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of wall inclination during therapeutic climbing on the muscle activity around the shoulder joint.
Methods: In this study, the participants performed movements at three different inclination angles of 0°, +15°, and -15°. sEMG was performed to measure the activities of five different muscles around the shoulder joint (biceps brachii, serratus anterior, upper trapezius, middle trapezius, and lower trapezius muscles).
Results: Biceps brachii muscle showed a significant increase at -15°, as compared to 0° (p<0.01), and the serratus anterior also showed a significant increase at -15°, as compared to 0° (p<0.05). Moreover, the middle and lower trapezius muscles also showed a significant increase at -15°, as compared to 0° (p<0.001). Compared to 0°, all muscles showed decreased values at 15°, but the differences were not statistically significant (p>0.05).
Conclusion: Therapeutic climbing may be a new therapeutic approach that can increase muscle strength and coordination in the sensory nervous system, since it can be used as a tool that promotes active movement by altering wall inclination and causing the user to generate movements according to the existing situation.
Keywords : Therapeutic climbing, Shoulder muscle activity, Inclination


June 2018, 30 (3)
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