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Effect of Neuro Dynamic Technique and Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization on Lower Extremity Muscle Tone, Stiffness, Static Balance in Stroke Patients
J Kor Phys Ther 2020;32(6):359-364
Published online December 30, 2020;  https://doi.org/10.18857/jkpt.2020.32.6.359
© 2020 The Korea Society of Physical Therapy.

Myeong-Jun Kim1, Tae-Ho Kim2

1Department of Physical Therapy, Daegu Goodmorning hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea; 2Department of Physical Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Science, Daegu University, Daegu, Republic of Korea
Tae-Ho Kim E-mail hohoho90@naver.com
Received November 12, 2020; Revised December 6, 2020; Accepted December 8, 2020.
This is an Open Access article distribute under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License (Http://creativecommons.org/license/by-nc/4.0.) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution,and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Purpose: This study was undertaken to compare the efficacy of instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) and a neural dynamic technique (NDYT). As an intervention to treat spastic lower limb muscle tone, stiffness, and static balance in stroke patients.
Methods: Totally, 26 participants were assigned randomly to two groups: the IASTM (n=13) and NDYT (n=13) groups. Both groups were subjected to their respective technique for 15 minutes, 5 times a week, for 6 weeks. Muscle tone, stiffness, and static balance were evaluated before and after training, to compare both group changes.
Results: IASTM group showed significant decrease in the gastrocnemius medial region and semitendinosus muscle tone and stiffness (p<0.05) compare to NDYT group; however, no significant different was observed in static balance between groups (p>0.05).
Conclusion: The results suggest that IASTM is an effective method for decreasing the muscle tone and stiffness in acute stroke patients.
Keywords : Balance, IASTM, Muscle tone, Neural dynamic technique, Stiffness


December 2020, 32 (6)
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