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The Effect of Cryotherapy on Spasticity
J Kor Soc Phys Ther 1997;9(1):167-175
Published online February 25, 1997
© 1997 The Korean Society of Physical Therapy.

Choi, Jin-Ho, P.T., M.S.; Kim, Jin-Sang, PH.D., D.V.M.,; Kim, Han-Soo, M.S., P.T.

Dept. of Rehabilitation, Hanlyo Sanup University; Dept. of Physical Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Science, Taegu University; Dept. of Physical Therapy, Taegu Health Junior College
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to determine the efforts of cold applied for reducing spasticity in patients with traumatic brain injury and cerebrovascular accident who did not take neurosurgical treatment and medication except patients with spinal cord injury. The participants consisted of 17 men and 28 female was ramdomly assigned to three groups with each 15. The results were as followings after making on observation about the change of skin temperature and spasticity throughout cryotherapy which was performed with cooling air in Group I (1 min), Group II (5 min) and Group III (10 min). 1. It was found that the Group III, Group II, Group I, in the order named, had the statistically significant reduction of skin temperature, the reduction of spasticity showed statistically significance in Group III, Group II, in order named, but did net show it even though there was a little increase in Group I. 2. The reduction of skin temperature and spasticity did not continue over 24 hours at the same time every day for 5 days. 3. The longer cryotherapy was applied the more skin temperature and spasticity reduced, the more skin temperature was reduced the more spasticity reduced.

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