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Effects of PNF Patterns Exercise on Pain, Functional Disability and Fear Avoidance Belief in Chronic Low Back Pain Patients
J Kor Soc Phys Ther 2014;26(2):110-116
Published online April 30, 2014
© 2014 The Korean Society of Physical Therapy.

Kyung Kim1, Eun-Kyung Kim2, Dong-Kyu Lee3

1Department of Physical Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Science, Daegu University, 2Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, Daegu University , 3Department of Physical Therapy, Yeol-Lin Hospital
Received March 18, 2014; Revised April 16, 2014; Accepted April 17, 2014.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Purpose: The purpose of study was to investigate the effects of combination patterns exercise of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) on unstable surfaces on pain, functional disability, and fear avoidance belief in patients with chronic low back pain.
Methods: Twenty four patients were assigned to either the experimental group (n=12) or the control group (n=12). Patients in the experimental group performed combination patterns exercise of PNF on unstable surfaces. Patients in the control group performed combination patterns exercise of PNF on stable surfaces. Both exercises were performed for five days per week, for a period of six weeks. Pain was measured by the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB). Functional disability was measured using the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ). Fear avoidance belief was measured using the Fear Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ). A paired t-test was used for determination of differences before and after treatment, and an independent t-test was used for determination of differences between treatment groups.
Results: In within group comparison, the experimental group showed statistically significant difference for all variables (p<0.05). In comparison between two groups, the experimental group showed relatively greater significant difference for all variables (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Based on such results, it can be said that combination patterns exercise of PNF on unstable surfaces has an effect on pain, functional disability, and fear avoidance belief in patients with chronic low back pain.
Keywords : PNF, Unstable Surface, Pain, Functional disability, Fear avoidance belief


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