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Review on Physical Therapy for Patients with Vestibular Disorder
J Kor Phys Ther 2017;29(6):316-323
Published online December 30, 2017;  https://doi.org/10.18857/jkpt.2017.29.6.316
© 2017 The Korea Society of Physical Therapy.

Yong Hyun Kwon1, Yu Min Ko2

1Department of Physical Therapy, Yeungnam University College, Daegu; 2Department of Physical Therapy, Gangneung Yeungdong College, Gangneung-si, Korea
Yu Min Ko
E-mail koyumin@hanmail.net
Received December 4, 2017; Revised December 24, 2017; Accepted December 28, 2017.
This is an Open Access article distribute under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/license/by-nc/4.0.) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution,and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Effort to improve balance ability in the field of rehabilitation has been constantly issued and developed up to now. A variety of subcomponent of postural control including function and cognition should be needed in many body systems and be complicatedly linked to each system. In South Korea, although decreased postural dysfunction due to neurological or musculoskeletal disorders has been well documented, we do not have many experience and knowledge of vestibular rehabilitation for maintain and improve balance function. In the United States, vestibular physical therapy is already acknowledged as clinical subspecialty by American Physical Therapy Association. However, there is no curriculum subject related to vestibular rehabilitation in standard education of physical therapy and no specialist who has clinical experience and knowledge of this realm. Therefore, we reviewed general information and basic knowledge of vestibular rehabilitation such as current state of vestibular disorder in South Korea, pathology, major causes of vestibular dysfunction including peripheral vestibular disorders, vestibular neuritis, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, and central disorder, evaluation of vestibular dysfunction, and treatment for vestibular dysfunction new approaches. We expect that physical therapist in South Korea recognize clinical significance of vestibular exercise and that clinical concern and research will be begun in near future.
Keywords : Dizziness, Balance, Vestibular exercise, Vestibular disorders


December 2017, 29 (6)
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