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Effects of Respiratory Muscle Training on the Respiratory Function, Balance, and Activities of Daily Living in Patients with Stroke
J Kor Phys Ther 2018;30(2):58-62
Published online April 30, 2018;  https://doi.org/10.18857/jkpt.2018.30.2.58
© 2018 The Korea Society of Physical Therapy.

Tae-Woo Kang1, Beom-Ryong Kim2

1Department of Physical Therapy, Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan; 2Department of Physical Therapy, Design Hospital, Jeonju, Korea
Beom-Ryong Kim
E-mail kimbr21@hanmail.net
Received March 14, 2018; Revised April 7, 2018; Accepted April 16, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distribute under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/license/by-nc/4.0.) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution,and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Purpose: This study evaluated the effects of respiratory muscle training on respiratory function, balance, and activities of daily living (ADL) in patients with stroke.
Methods: The study included 21 patients with stroke, divided into the experimental group and control group. Both groups underwent traditional physical therapy once a day for 30 minutes, five times weekly for 6 weeks. The experimental group underwent additional respiratory muscle training once a day, five times a week during the study period. Maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), maximal expiratory pressure (MEP), Berg balance scale (BBS), and Korean-modified Barthel index (K-MBI) were measured before and after the study period. For statistical analysis, paired t-test was used to compare the difference between the pre and post values. Independent t-test was used compare the differences between groups.
Results: Both groups had significantly improved MIP, MEP, BBS, and K-MBI scores after the study period. The experimental group had significantly improved MIP, MEP, BBS, and K-MBI scores.
Conclusion: These results suggest that respiratory muscle training improves respiratory function, balance, and ADL in patients with stroke.
Keywords : Activities of daily living, Balance, Respiratory function, Respiratory muscle training, Stroke


April 2018, 30 (2)
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