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Effect of Scapular Brace on the Pulmonary Function and Foot Pressure of Elderly Women with Forward Head Posture
J Kor Phys Ther 2018;30(4):141-145
Published online August 31, 2018;  https://doi.org/10.18857/jkpt.2018.30.4.141
© 2018 The Korea Society of Physical Therapy.

Eun-Kyung Kim1, Dong-Kyu Lee2

1Department of Physical Therapy, Gangdong University, Chungcheongbuk-do; 2Department of Physical Therapy, Sunhan Hospital, Gwangju, Korea
Dong-Kyu Lee
E-mail ldkpt@hanmail.net
Received July 25, 2018; Revised August 25, 2018; Accepted August 30, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distribute under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/license/by-nc/4.0.) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution,and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Purpose: Changes in the curvature of the vertebral columns of elderly women with increasing age causes various side effects and disorders. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the 8-figure scapular brace to improve pulmonary function and balance ability based on lung capacity and foot pressure by increasing the vertebral curvature.
Methods: Seventeen elderly women with a forward head posture were selected. Women were asked to wear the 8-figure scapular brace and the forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) were measured, as were changes in foot pressure. Measurements were conducted three times each and the mean values were used for subsequent analyses. For static evaluation, we used the paired t-test to identify differences between pre and post values.
Results: There was no significant difference in FEV1 and FVC before and after use of the brace (p>0.05); however, there was a significant decrease in forefoot pressure and an increase in rearfoot pressure following application of the brace (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Application of the 8-figure scapular brace to correct vertebral curvature in elderly women influenced pressure distribution change from immediate effect body arrange of cervical and thoracic. However, wearing the 8-figure scapular brace may interfere with expansion of the chest and therefore respiratory muscle activity. Accordingly, it is necessary to apply appropriate treatment when wearing a scapular brace and to allow a sufficient intervention period while also providing therapeutic interventions such as posture correction or respiration training.
Keywords : Scapular brace, Forward head posture, Pulmonary function, Foot pressure


August 2018, 30 (4)
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